Identifying the core of an invention
This is probably the most important stage of drafting a patent application enabling for appropriate distinguishing an invention from the closest prior art solutions.
Define the scope of protection, wherein the meaning of claims is interpreted with respect to the invention embodiments. An independent claim defines the maximum scope of protection, while dependent claims define the invention alternatives or additional features therefore thwarting third parties to patent possible future invention improvements or selective inventions.
Provide a sufficiency of disclosure which is a prerequisite for a patent application. Differentiated and numerous embodiments also enable for defining relatively broad scope of protection and for effective prosecution of future infringements.
A solution that is new, inventive and capable of industrial application:
- objects (articles, devices, substances, electronic circuits, etc.);
- methods (production or technological processes, methods of operation, etc.).
Certain solutions (scientific theories, business methods, etc.) are not considered as inventions, though in certain cases some forms of protection may be available.
A solution that is new, useful and of a technical nature affecting shape, construction or durable assembly of an object.
The maximum protection of utility model amounts only 10 years.
Some patent applications may be converted into utility model applications in case their inventive step is objected during patent proceedings.